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Journal Article Tag Suite

NISO - National Information Standards Organization
United States


Launched: 2003
Record Updated: Apr 19, 2024
Standard, specification, or protocol
The Journal Article Tag Suite (JATS) is an XML format used to describe scientific literature published online. It is a technical standard developed by the National Information Standards Organization (NISO), approved by the American National Standards Institute, also known in its most current version as ANSI/NISO Z39.96-2021, JATS: Journal Article Tag Suite.


The Journal Article Tag Suite provides a common XML format in which publishers and archives can exchange journal content. The JATS provides a set of XML elements and attributes for describing the textual and graphical content of journal articles as well as some non-article material such as letters, editorials, and book and product reviews.

Key Achievements

  • ANSI/NISO Z39.96-2021, JATS: Journal Article Tag Suite, version 1.3 published in 2021.
  • JATS Compatibility Model ( published in 2021. he goal of this document is to enable creators and maintainers of JATS-based document models to know when the extensions they make to JATS models are JATS-compatible and to suggest ways in which they can achieve their modeling goals in a JATS-compatible way.
  • JATS4R ( ) formed to provide further guidance on JATS. JATS4R (JATS for Reuse) is a working group devoted to optimising the reusability of scholarly content by developing best-practice recommendations for tagging content in JATS XML.
  • Technical Attributes

    Maintenance Status

    Actively maintained

    Standards Employed

  • National Information Standards Organization (NISO) Recommended Practice RP-22-2015, Access License and Indicators, 5 January 2015,
  • Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards (OASIS) Technical Memorandum TR9901:1999, XML Exchange Table Model Document Type Definition, 29 September 1999,
  • XHTML™ Modularization 1.1 - Second Edition, Section 5.6.2. Tables Module 27 March 2018,
  • W3C Recommendation, Extensible Markup Language (XML) 1.0, 10 February 1998,
  • W3C Recommendation, Mathematical Markup Language (MathML) Version 2.0 (Second Edition), 21 October 2003,
  • W3C Recommendation, Mathematical Markup Language (MathML) Version 3.0 (Second Edition), 10 April 2014,
  • W3C Recommendation, Namespaces in XML 1.0, 14 January 1999,
  • W3C Recommendation, XML Schema Part 1: Structures Second Edition, 28 October 2004,
  • Hosting Options & Service Providers

    Hosting Strategy

    Not applicable

    Policies & Governance

    Governance Summary

    User-suggested changes are collected and discussed by the JATS Standing Committee who decide on action based on NISO continuous maintenance procedures.


    Commitment to Equity & Inclusion


    Privacy Policy


    Governance Activities


    Governance Structure & Processes


    Additional Information

    Organizational History

    The NISO project was a continuation of the work done by NLM/NCBI, and popularized by the NLM's PubMed Central as a de facto standard for archiving and interchange of scientific open-access journals and its contents with XML. See also

    With the NISO standardization the NLM initiative has gained a wider reach, and several other repositories, such as SciELO and Redalyc, adopted the XML formatting for scientific articles. (from

    Organizational Structure

    Business or Ownership Model

    Non-profit organization

    Full-time Staff



    Primary Funding Source